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Ocean literacy: What is it and how important is it?

We have just explored 5% of the ocean till now even, though it makes 71% of the Earth. All of us have an impact of the ocean somewhere or else nevertheless how far or closer we are from ocean.

Some Facts about Ocean:

  • Ocean is the place where earth materials and geochemical cycles originate in the ocean. Lot of sedimentary rocks and carbonated rocks took birth in ocean.
  • Sea level changes over time have expanded and contracted continental shelves, created and destroyed inland seas, and shaped the surface of land.
  • Erosion takes place in the coastal areas through wind, waves and currents due to which ocean move sediments. Erosion causes the wearing away of rock, soil and other biotic and abiotic earth materials.
  • Sand is redistributed between land sources and coast by coastal currents. Most beach sand is eroded from land sources and carried to the coast by rivers, but sand is also eroded from coastal sources by surf.
  • Physical structure and landform of the coat is affected by Tectonic activity, sea level changes, and force of waves. Source (

What is Ocean Literacy?

Ocean literacy is defined as an understanding of the ocean’s influence on you and your influence on the ocean.

There are seven basic principles of ocean literacy which we need to learn in order to understand characteristics of ocean and discover the fascinating life underwater. We will also have to understand how human intervention and the activities we do, influence ocean.


A person would be called an ocean-literate person if:

  • He understands the Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts about the functioning of the ocean;
  • He can effectively communicate his thoughts about the ocean;
  • He can make responsible decisions regarding the ocean and its resources.


Careers in Ocean literacy

If you are keen to start your career in Ocean literacy there are multiple options available. Here are few of them:

  • You could work on ships as a marine geologist, marine technician, Hydrographic survey technician etc.
  • You could go ahead with job in ocean sciences as an aquarist, Hydrologists and Marine biologists.
  • You could also opt for career in research and development and help in protecting the environment.
  • You could think about career prospects in energy or mineral research, exploration and extraction underwater.
  • If you are an outspoken person you could also think of choosing career path as marine sales representative or careers in teaching or that involve sharing information with others

Course on Ocean Literacy by Millionlights

If you are looking forward to join the force of ocean literate people and if you are someone who is amused by underwater life and want to understand the aspects of it, we have a newly launched free of cost course on ocean literacy on Millionlights website  ( ) which is taught by some of the best faculties in ocean literacy worldwide.

What you will learn by completing the course:

  • You would be able to describe the main geological features of the world’s ocean, Identify the defining characteristics of ocean water.
  • You would gain understanding on how seawater moves around the globe, Outline the ways in which the ocean has created and shaped Earth’s features.
  • You would learn to contrast the destructive and constructive forces that shape Earth’s features.
  • You would be able to effectively recall many of the elements found in the ocean and describe how they are needed for life on Earth.
  • You will learn to outline the ways in which the ocean influences daily weather and global climate.
  • You will find out how to summarize the global water cycle. Describe the importance of greenhouse gases and characterize the impact carbon dioxide has on the biodiversity of the ocean.
  • You would be able to describe a few ways that the ocean made the planet Earth habitable. Summarize how the planet’s atmosphere became oxygen-rich.
  • You would gain in depth knowledge of outlining the progression of life from the marine to terrestrial environment. Explain the role of the ocean’s primary producers in their food webs.
  • You would learn to describe some of the unique organisms and ecosystems only found in the ocean. Explain how vertical zonation pattern occur.
  • You would easily be able to list at least 5 ways that the ocean impacts the daily lives of humans. With one particular ocean resource in mind, brain storm how humans can harvest it sustainably into the future.
  • You would easily be able to name one way that humans negatively impact the ocean and construct an idea to address it. Identify the different barriers to ocean exploration.
  • You will learn to describe why ocean exploration is important. Evaluate how a particular piece of technology has enabled humans to overcome the obstacles to ocean exploration.

The Ocean Literacy is really important for all of us as the understanding of ocean is essential for comprehending and protecting the planet on which we live.